Emergency Management - Hazard Mitigation
Mitigation is the first phase of emergency management. Mitigation efforts are those that try to eliminate the impact of hazards which exist within a community and are a threat to life and property. Limiting the use of hazardous areas like floodplains or adjusting the use of such areas by elevating structures, can reduce the chance of flooded houses. Non-structural activities such as tying down shelf units in your home or business is considered mitigation.
Some tools of mitigation are land use planning, building codes and enforcement, fire regulations and dam inspection ordinances.
Hazard mitigation is any action taken to permanently reduce or eliminate long-term risk to people and their property from the effects of hazards. Some examples of hazard mitigation include land use planning techniques that limit infrastructure in high hazard areas and programs for retrofitting existing structures to meet new building codes and standards.
Communities with current mitigation plans will be better able to identify and articulate their needs to state and federal officials, giving them a competitive edge when grant funding becomes available. Planning also enables communities and states to better identify sources of technical and financial mitigation resources.
Graphical Information System (GIS) programs, can be a very powerful tool in preparing a comprehensive hazard mitigation plan. By using GIS to analyze area - specific data, you will be shown how to identify the natural hazards in your community, and assess the vulnerability of people and the built environment to these hazards. In turn, this information provides the foundation upon which policies can be developed to reduce your community's hazard vulnerability.
For additional information on the Hazard Mitigation Program contact Brad Bartholomew at (801) 538-3769 or firstname.lastname@example.org.